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Detailed explanation of accumulator maintenance steps

The maintenance steps of a accumulator are important processes to ensure its normal operation and extend its service life. The following are the detailed steps for battery maintenance listed in the reference article, which are presented and summarized in points for clear understanding:
1、 Visual inspection
Observe the casing: Check for cracks, damage, or deformation in the battery casing. If damage to the casing is found, the battery should be replaced as soon as possible.
2、 Cleaning and maintenance
Cleaning the shell: Use a soft damp cloth or sponge to gently wipe the shell of the battery to remove surface dust, oil stains, and corrosion. Be careful to avoid using cleaning agents containing chemicals.
Cleaning terminals: Regularly clean the corrosive substances on the battery terminals. You can gently clean the terminal with hot water and alkaline cleaner, and wipe the terminal with a thin sandpaper or aluminum foil to remove stubborn corrosion.
3、 Electrolyte inspection and replenishment
Check the electrolyte level: Open the filler cap of the accumulator and observe the height of the electrolyte level. The liquid level should be maintained between the upper and lower markings. If the liquid level is too low, distilled water should be added to the appropriate level; If the liquid level is too high, a portion of the electrolyte should be discharged.
Attention: When adding electrolyte, avoid splashing onto skin and clothing.
4、 Voltage and charging status check
Check battery voltage: Use a battery tester or multimeter to check the voltage and current of the battery. The normal voltage range should be between 12.6 and 12.8 volts.
Charging and discharging management:
Regular charging: Based on the usage of the battery, it is recommended to charge it at least once a month to ensure that the battery remains fully charged. When charging, a suitable charger should be used and operated according to the instructions of the charger.
Avoid excessive discharge: Try to avoid prolonged use of the vehicle’s electrical equipment, especially when the engine is turned off. Excessive discharge can lead to battery depletion, affecting its performance and lifespan.
5、 Connection and bracket inspection
Check battery connection: Ensure that the connection between the battery and the device is firm and reliable. Check if the battery terminals are loose or corroded. If loose connections are found, they should be tightened in a timely manner; If the terminal corrosion is severe, it is recommended to replace the terminal.
Check battery bracket: Check if the battery bracket is stable, not loose or damaged. If the bracket is loose or damaged, it should be repaired or replaced in a timely manner.
6、 Temperature and ventilation inspection
Check battery temperature: The battery should operate at a suitable temperature, as high or low temperatures can affect the performance and lifespan of the battery. In low-temperature environments, insulation materials can be used to protect batteries.
Maintain ventilation: Ensure that the environment around the battery is well ventilated and avoid operating the battery in enclosed spaces.
7、 Safety precautions
Avoid electric shock: When inspecting and maintaining batteries, be sure to pay attention to safety. Avoid touching the battery terminals and prevent battery liquid from splashing onto the skin.
Fire prevention: Avoid batteries from coming into contact with flammable materials and ensure that there are no sources of fire in the working environment.
Following the above steps for accumulator maintenance can ensure its normal operation and extend its service life. If serious damage or performance degradation is found in the battery, it is recommended to replace it with a new one in a timely manner.

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