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Standard for material selection of cylinder

The selection of materials for cylinders, whether they’re used for gas storage, hydraulic applications, or other purposes, is crucial for ensuring safety, reliability, and performance. Several standards govern the material selection process for cylinders. Here are some common ones:

ISO Standards:

ISO 9809-1:2019 Gas cylinders — Design, construction and testing of refillable seamless steel gas cylinders and tubes — Part 1: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength less than 1 100 MPa.

ISO 11114-1:2012 Gas cylinders — Compatibility of cylinder and valve materials with gas contents — Part 1: Metallic materials.

ISO 9809-2:2019 Gas cylinders — Design, construction and testing of refillable seamless steel gas cylinders and tubes — Part 2: Quenched and tempered steel cylinders with tensile strength greater than or equal to 1 100 MPa.

ISO 11119-1:2012 Gas cylinders — Refillable composite gas cylinders and tubes — Design, construction and testing — Part 1: Hoop-wrapped composite gas cylinders and tubes up to 450 l.

EN Standards (European Norms):

EN 1964-1:2018 Transportable gas cylinders — Specification for the design and construction of refillable transportable seamless steel gas cylinders of water capacity from 0,5 litre up to and including 150 litres — Part 1: Cylinders made of normalised steel.

EN 1964-2:2002 Transportable gas cylinders — Specification for the design and construction of refillable transportable seamless aluminium alloy gas cylinders — Part 2: Cylinders made of wrought aluminium alloy.

EN 14427:2014 Transportable gas cylinders — Fully wrapped composite cylinders — Periodic inspection and testing.

EN ISO 10297:2014 Gas cylinders — Cylinder valves — Specification and type testing.

ASME Standards (American Society of Mechanical Engineers):

ASME BPVC Section VIII Division 1: Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels.

ASME BPVC Section IX: Welding and Brazing Qualifications.

DOT Standards (Department of Transportation, United States):

Title 49 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR), specifically Parts 178 and 180, outlines requirements for the design, construction, and testing of cylinders used for transportation of hazardous materials in the United States.

BSI Standards (British Standards Institution):

BS EN 12205:2020 Transportable gas cylinders. Inspection and maintenance of composite gas cylinders.

BS EN 1968:2019 Transportable gas cylinders. Periodic inspection and testing of seamless steel gas cylinders.

These standards cover various aspects of cylinder materials, including design, construction, testing, and maintenance. When selecting materials for cylinders, it’s essential to refer to the relevant standards applicable to your specific industry, application, and geographical region to ensure compliance with safety and performance requirements.

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